Carlos Allende and his Philadelphia Experiment

Michael Ann Dunn
Austin Stanton
Michael Ann Dunn
Keel "Confession"
John Keel Page 2
John Keel Page 3
Notification of Birth Registration
Death of Jessup
Birthplace of Carl M. Allen
"Death Bed Statement" of Carlos Allende
Introduction to the Varo edition of M. K. Jessup's Case for the UFO
The Infamous Allende Letters to Morris K. Jessup


She was born Michael Ann Dunn on December 4, 1939 and began her life at 1222 East Waco Avenue in Dallas. She taught first grade and became a successful businesswoman. When Michael Ann died March 28, 2007 in a Texas hospice at the age of 67, she was survived by her husband of 47 years, two sons, her mother and stepfather, two brothers and two sisters, and four grandchilren. Out of respect and privacy for the family, her married name will not be revealed and family members will not be identified.

"Miss Michael Ann Dunn has undertaken the task of rewriting this book including all notes, interjections, underscoring, and etc. By form, position, color, and footnotes as much of the meaning and relationships of the original annotated copy is retained as possible..." With these words, our young Miss Michael Ann Dunn was given the elaborate task of producing a mimeographed edition of the original annotated paperback copy of Morris K. Jessup's Case for the UFO, with two letters Jessup received from Carl Meredith Allen (alias Carlos Allende) attached. To accomplish this, she would have copied the entire text of Jessup’s Case for the UFO onto stencils, which were run off in black ink. Then the annotations were run off, in their proper place on the pages, in red.

This schoolgirl, in creating this annotated facsimile at the behest of Austin Stanton, president of the Varo Manufacturing Company of Garland, Texas, launched a mystery that would eventually spawn two movies, several books and television documentaries, and dozens of magazine articles and websites. It would become a mystery that would be exaggerated out of all proportion by the tragic suicide of Jessup in 1959. Global interest (media and otherwise) in this story continues to this day.

There must be interesting memories and recollections of how Miss Michael Ann Dunn came to this task for Austin Stanton, how she felt about things at the time, how long it took, and the atmosphere at Varo surrounding the creation of this document. Did she have any sense of what she was doing and why?

How did Michael Ann feel about her role with Varo in the years that followed? Did she have any idea that she had become an integral part of a widespread and persistent legend since she was identified by name in the Introduction of this Varo edition? Did she ever know that she had become an elusive mystery in her own right?

If friends of Michael Ann Dunn or family members would like to add anything at all for the public record on this page (anonymously, if so desired) anyone can e-mail me at or contact me at the address or telephone number listed below. I will be more than happy to call and talk to anyone! It would be a wonderful thing to finally document Michael Ann Dunn's absolutely essential part in all of this for posterity.

Robert A. Goerman
615 Earl Avenue
New Kensington, PA 15068-4801

In an online article at a Gareth J. Medway writes that Larry Kusche, fellow of the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal, located some former Office of Naval Research officials in 1979. One of them, Jack G. Smith, told Kusche: "In the 1950s many engineers and scientists had not yet made up their minds about the reality of UFOs. Many of those at Varo were interested in UFOs basically as a lunchtime hobby, as others might play chess or debate the dangers of communism. Because the annotations were such a jumble that no one could make any sense of them, Stanton (the president of Varo) hired a high school girl (Miss Michael Ann Dunn) to type them after school. Smith said that the project probably cost the grand total of a few hundred dollars. Copies were mimeographed and sent to various scientists and Navy officials, and the eventual conclusion of all concerned, including the men at ONR, was that the annotations made no sense at all." (The Skeptical Inquirer, Vol. IV, No. 1, Fall, 1979, page 60) "They had not the least trace of scientific merit. Least of ONR's or Varo's interest was the alleged Philadelphia Experiment. Also, it was at Varo's request that ONR had talked to Jessup. Since Jessup was in Washington at the time, he was more convenient to the people at ONR than he was to the Varo people in Texas."